KRAK脫W , POLAND 馃嚨馃嚤 STREET ART & GRAFFITI: I鈥橫 HAPPY AGAIN

A stencil of the iconic image of Gene Kelly singin’ in the rain (“I’m happy again!”) has even here since the spring of 2014.

Entitled ‘Judah,’ this large mural by Pil Peled – one of Israel’s most famous street artists – was created in July 2013 as part of the Jewish Culture Festival. According to the artist, the image of the child represents fear, vulnerability and the inner child, and the lion represents the Jews’ struggle to survive and preserve their culture, as well as the strength to overcome their fears. https://www.inyourpocket.com/krakow/judah_120346v

Created by the artist Broken Fingaz, this large-scale mural was created during the 2014 edition of Krak贸w’s Jewish Culture Festival. The mural takes inspiration from well-known art nouveau era artist Maurice Lilien – a native of Drohobycz (now in Ukraine) and graduate of the Krak贸w Academy of Fine Arts – and is dedicated to the memory of the Bosak贸w family who built the building and lived there through the generations for 400 years, before relocating to Israel after World War II. https://www.inyourpocket.com/krakow/plac-bawol-3_136577v

This mural by Piotr Janowczyk was installed outside Pub Wr臋ga in autumn of 2015 as part of the Kazimierz Historical Murals (Kazimierskie murale historyczne) project. Featuring five portraits of Polish historical figures – namely, (from left to right) Emperor J贸zef Hapsburg II, Helena Rubinstein (born in the district), Karol Knaus (local architect, artist and conservator), Esterka (the lover of King Kazimierz the Great), and finally King Kazimierz the Great himself. https://www.inyourpocket.com/krakow/kazimierz-historical-mural_140658v

20sep18 Krak贸w Poland 馃嚨馃嚤

Advertisements

KRAK脫W , POLAND: Niedoskona艂o艣膰 jest doskona艂a (Imperfection is Perfect)

IMG_7739

IMG_7746
Pierogi ruskie topped with fried onion (filled with cottage cheese and potatoes)聽
IMG_7738
The Battle of Grunwald, fought between the joint armies of Poland and Lithuania against the Teutonic Knights on July 15, 1410, is considered to be one of the greatest battles ever to take place in medieval Europe. A defining moment in Polish history, the battle was immortalised in Krak贸w with the unveiling of this weighty monument in front of an estimated 160,000 people on the 500th anniversary of the event in 1910. Antoni Wiwulski’s (1877-1919) original masterpiece was, not surprisingly, destroyed by the occupying Nazis during WWII and the copy that now stands in its place dates from 1976, having been faithfully reproduced using sketches and models of the original. At the top on his horse is the King of Poland W艂adys艂aw Jagie艂艂o, his sword pointing downwards in his right hand. At the front is his cousin the Lithuanian prince Vytautas (Vitold), who is flanked on either side by victorious soldiers from the joint army. The dead man at the front is Urlich von Jungingen, the Teutonic Order鈥檚 Grand Master, who lost his life during the battle.https://www.inyourpocket.com/krakow/grunwald-monument_21891v

IMG_7736

IMG_7743
Street musicians聽(Muzycy uliczni)
IMG_7744
Church of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven (also known as Saint Mary’s Church; Polish: Ko艣ci贸艂 Wniebowzi臋cia Naj艣wi臋tszej Maryi Panny, Ko艣ci贸艂 Mariacki) is a Brick Gothic church adjacent to the Main Market Square in Krak贸w, Poland. Built in the 14th century, its foundations date back to the early 13th century and serve as one of the best examples of Polish Gothic architecture. Standing 80聽m (262聽ft) tall, it is particularly famous for its wooden altarpiece carved by Veit Stoss (Wit Stwosz).
On every hour, a trumpet signal鈥攃alled the Hejna艂 mariacki鈥攊s played from the top of the taller of Saint Mary’s two towers. The plaintive tune breaks off in mid-stream, to commemorate the famous 13th century trumpeter, who was shot in the throat while sounding the alarm before the Mongol attack on the city. The noon-time hejna艂 is heard across Poland and abroad broadcast live by the Polish national Radio 1 Station.聽https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Mary%27s_Basilica,_Krak贸w

19sep2018. Krakow, Poland.

DCIM100GOPROG0078819.
the ever-popular antique horse-drawn carriages that line the market square
IMG_7742
Adam Mickiewicz Monument in Krak贸w, (Polish: pomnik Adama Mickiewicza w Krakowie), is one of the best known bronze monuments in Poland, and a favourite meeting place at the Main Market Square in the Old Town (Stare Miasto) district of Krak贸w.
The statue of Adam Mickiewicz, the greatest Polish Romantic poet of the 19th century, was unveiled on June 16, 1898. (wiki)There鈥檚 a fascinating history behind the monument which is as interesting as the statue is recognizable. One of the most curious facts is that Adam Mickiewicz had never actually been to Krakow. His remains arrived to the city posthumously in 1890. This was 35 years after his death in Istanbul in a cholera epidemic in 1855. Meanwhile in the same year, the remains of the poet are put onto a ship, which transports him to France, before finally burying him in Paris. After聽transporting the remains to Krakow in 1890, the great Pole poet was put to rest聽in the crypt of the Wawel Cathedral.聽http://www.absolutetours.com/blog/adam-mickiewicz-monument/
IMG_7741
Cafe Culture聽(Kultura聽kawiarni)

IMG_7740DCIM100GOPROG0028804.DCIM100GOPROG0168828.IMG_7734

艁脫D殴 , POLAND 馃嚨馃嚤: SANDBOX

J贸zef Pilsudski ~ viewed as a father of the Second Polish Republic re-established in 1918.

Artist: DALeast

Artist: Victor Puzin

18sep18 Lodz, Poland 馃嚨馃嚤

艁脫D殴 (pronounced 鈥淲OODGE鈥), POLAND 馃嚨馃嚤: 鈥淚 AM ANOTHER鈥

Freedom fighter Tadeusz Ko艣ciuszko. Pl. Wolno艣ci (Freedom Square.)

WASK.

“I am another.”

“We are under protection, i.e. defenseless.”

Alexander Nevsky Cathedral ~ An Orthodox Church built at the end of the 19th century. The Cathedral was financed by the most prominent factory owners at that time, Karl Scheibler, Izrael Poznanski and Luliusz Kunitzer (none of whom were actually Orthodox Christians), to celebrate the miraculous survival of Russian Emperor Alexander II from an assassination attempt in 1879. (Poland was a part of Russia at the time). https://theculturetrip.com/europe/poland/articles/the-top-10-things-to-do-and-see-in-lodz/

16sep18. Lodz, Poland 馃嚨馃嚤

WARSAW, POLAND 馃嚨馃嚤: THE 鈥淎NCHOR鈥

The anchor emblem seen on walls throughout the city, indicate significant locations for the Uprising of 1944. More information below the next photo.

So what does an anchor have to do with fighting Nazis?聽 The Kotwica is actually more than an anchor, as the figure is an amalgam of the letters P and W, which take on a number of meanings when associated with the Polish Home Army鈥檚 (AK) fight to retake Warsaw.聽 Starting in 1942, members of the Polish underground 鈥淲awer Minor鈥 sabotage unit started using 鈥淧W鈥 to signify 鈥淧om艣cimy Wawer鈥 (鈥淲e Shall Avenge Wawer鈥).聽 The Wawer Massacre of December 26-27, 1939 was one of the first massacres of Poles in occupied Poland, and its memory fueled the opposition in Warsaw.聽 The meaning of 鈥淧W鈥 was soon expanded to include 鈥淧olska Walcz膮ca鈥 (鈥淔ighting Poland鈥).

鈥淧W鈥 increasingly appeared in the city as a 鈥渟ignature鈥 on acts of resistance and sabotage; and in 1942 the AK put out a call to design an emblem that could be easily printed.聽 A design that combined the P and W into an anchor 鈥 the Kotwica 鈥 was submitted by Anna Smole艅ska (code name 鈥淗ania鈥) and was chosen as the symbol of the underground.聽 Smole艅ska, an art history student at the underground University of Warsaw, was arrested in November of 1942 and died in Auschwitz in March 1943 at the age of 23.聽 Thought she did not live to see an independent Warsaw, the symbol she created endured though the war and beyond.聽https://culture.pl/en/article/decoding-warsaw-a-guide-to-the-citys-sights-and-symbols

Why the “Mermaid of Warsaw?”

One legend claims 鈥渓ong, long ago鈥 two sirens swam from the Atlantic Ocean to the Baltic Sea.聽 One sister stopped in the Danish straits and can to this day be seen by those visiting the port of Copenhagen.聽 The other sister (clearly the one with more discerning taste) kept swimming until she reached Gdansk, where she then turned to follow the Wisla into the heart of Poland.聽 Reaching what is today Warsaw, she decided she had found a home and stopped at the shore to rest.聽 It wasn鈥檛 long after her arrival that local fishermen began noticing someone was tangling their nets and releasing the fish.聽 Though it meant a loss of livelihood, the fishermen were so enchanted by the siren鈥檚 song that they never caught her.聽 That is, until a wealthy merchant realized he could make a profit showing off the siren at fairs.聽 He captured the Wisla siren and locked her away in a shed.聽 The siren鈥檚 plaintive cries were heard by a young farmhand, who with the help of his friends, returned her to the river.聽 Grateful to her rescuers, the siren vowed to help them in times of need.聽 The siren of Warsaw is thus armed, waiting with sword and shield to make good on her promise and defend the city.

A second tale again highlights the mermaid as the armed defender of the city, though with a different origin story.聽 This one claims that 鈥渋n ancient times鈥 a griffin defended the city.聽 The griffin would often accompany local fishermen to the Baltic, and on one such journey he spotted a mermaid.聽 It was love at first sight, and the mythical pair returned to live happily in Warsaw 鈥 until the griffin was mortally wounded during the Swedish invasion.聽 As the siege of Warsaw raged around her, the mermaid picked up the arms of her dying lover and joined the defense of the city.聽 In gratitude of her service and sacrifice, the people of Warsaw honored her by placing her image on the city鈥檚 coat of arms.聽https://culture.pl/en/article/decoding-warsaw-a-guide-to-the-citys-sights-and-symbols

Warsaw Spire.

Sigismund’s Column (Polish: Kolumna Zygmunta), originally erected in 1644, is located in Castle Square, Warsaw, Poland and is one of Warsaw‘s most famous landmarks. The column and statue commemorate King Sigismund III Vasa, who in 1596 had moved Poland‘s capital from Krak贸w to Warsaw.(Wiki)

Presidential Palace. Construction started in 1643. Bertel Thorvaldsen‘s statue of Prince J贸zef Poniatowski in front.

The Royal Castle in Warsaw (Polish: Zamek Kr贸lewski w Warszawie) is a castle residency that formerly served throughout the centuries as the official residence of the Polish monarchs. It is located in the Castle Square, at the entrance to the Warsaw Old Town. The personal offices of the king and the administrative offices of the Royal Court of Poland were located there from the sixteenth century until the Partitions of Poland.(Wiki)

The Stadium.

Old Town.

13-15sep18. Warsaw Poland 馃嚨馃嚤

WARSAW , POLAND STREET ART & GRAFFITI: 鈥淩EWOLUCJA鈥

Artist Michal Warecki

Kamienico = “My Little House.”

Revolution

14sep18 Warsaw, Poland 馃嚨馃嚤

WARSAW , POLAND 馃嚨馃嚤: DUSZA POLSKI

The Soul of Poland is indestructible (Dusza Polski jest niezniszczalna.)

A display in a bookshop window.

A man descends into the underground Metro after work.

A group stops by one of the dozen or so benches in the city that play Chopin music 馃幍 馃幖 for passersby.

Ma艂y Powstaniec (the “Little Insurrectionist”) is a statue in commemoration of the child soldiers who fought and died during the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. It is located on Podwale Street, next to the ramparts of Warsaw鈥檚 Old Town. The statue is of a young boy wearing a helmet too large for his head and holding a submachine gun. It is reputed to be of a fighter who went by the pseudonym of “Antek”, and was killed on 8 August 1944 at the age of 13. The helmet and submachine gun are stylized after German equipment, which was captured during the uprising and used by the resistance fighters against the occupying forces. (Wiki)

The Warsaw Ghetto was the largest of all the Jewish ghettos in German-occupied Europe during World War II.

14sep18. Warsaw, Poland 馃嚨馃嚤